BELT-3: Bankson Expressive Language Test–Third Edition
Nicholas W. Bankson Michelle Mentis Jennifer R. Jagielko
Ages: 3-0 through 6-11
Testing Time: 30 minutes
The Bankson Expressive Language Test–Third Edition (BELT-3) is an individually administered assessment of young children’s expressive language skills. It has two subtests that cover a variety of linguistic areas: Lexical Semantics (e.g.,nouns, verbs, categories, functions, prepositions) and Morphology and Syntax (e.g., verb usage/tense, auxiliaries, modals, copula, comparatives/superlatives, negation, questions). The BELT-3 can be used to (a) identify young children who have expressive language impairments, (b) plan interventions, and (c) represent expressive language ability in research studies.
Technical and Statistical Characteristics of the BELT-3
The BELT-3 was normed on a sample of 684 from 29 states and 199 different zip codes. Its subtest raw scores can be converted to percentile ranks and scaled scores. The scaled scores for the two subtests are summed and converted to a composite called the Expressive Language Index. The Examiner’s Manual includes a comprehensive discussion of the test’s theoretical and research-based foundation, item development, standardization, administration and scoring procedures, norms tables, and guidelines for using and interpreting the test’s results.
The BELT-3’s internal consistency reliability coefficients are .83 and .92 for the subtests and .93 for the composite. Test–retest reliability coefficients are .91 and .88 for the subtests and .91 for the composite. Validity studies demonstrate the test’s ability to differentiate children with language impairments and those without. Specifically, an Expressive Language Index cutoff score of 90 resulted in a sensitivity of .71, a specificity of .73, and a receiver operating characteristic/area under the curve of .83 in differentiating children with language impairments from children without.
Complete test kit includes: Examiner’s Manual, Picture Book, and 25 Examiner Record Booklets, all in a sturdy storage box.