Beyond Behavior Modification


Beyond Behavior Modification is a proactive approach to cognitive and behaviour management of students in all grades in school. Much of the material in this popular text has been updated. Teachers appreciate the case studies, which explore the problems of particular students and follow through to successful behaviour and cognitive management outcomes.

Introductory chapters include proactive behaviour-management strategies and a comparison of popular approaches to behaviour management. Traditional behaviour modification and current social learning theory approaches are explored through easy-to-read examples and case studies. Strategies include improving social skills, teaching self-motivation, and changing belief systems of both students and teachers.

The chapter on student performance data provides guidance for analysing current behaviour problems, setting goals for improvement in student behaviours, and improving the way students think about the problems they experience.

Each chapter begins with objectives. Multiple and brief chapter assessments called Checkpoints allow readers to test their understanding of the material as it is read. Concrete examples, helpful tips, and step-by-step instructions add everyday practicality to the text. This book is ideal for use as a resource for teachers or as an adopted text in basic or advanced behaviour-management courses.

Contents Include:

Chapter 1: Behaviour Modification: Part 1

  • Intrinsically rewarding classrooms
  • Conceptual models of behaviour management

Chapter 2: Reactive/Positive Approaches to Behavior Management

  • Behavioural and social-cognitive approaches to behaviour management in the schools

Chapter 3: Behaviour Modification: Part 2

  • Misconceptions of behaviour modification
  • Operant conditioning
  • Research-based history of behaviour modification

Chapter 4: Deciding What to Change

  • Assessment to identify behaviours needing improvement
  • Use of socio-cultural factors to judge student behaviour
  • Determining if behaviours are maladaptive
  • Writing performance objectives

Chapter 5: Deciding How to Change It

  • Methods for diagnosing behaviour problems
  • Psycho-medical, behavioural and social-cognitive models for diagnosing behaviour problems
  • Utilizing functional behavioural analysis

Chapter 6: Strengthening Behaviour: Part 1

  • Methods for using positive reinforcement
  • Types of reinforcers
  • Schedules of reinforcement
  • Fading, shaping and chaining to strengthen desired behaviours

Chapter 7: Strengthening Behavior: Part 2

  • Reinforcement practices including Grandma’s rule, contingency management, token economy, level system, and modeling
  • Special education legal mandates for designing and implementing level systems with students

Chapter 8: Weakening Behaviors

  • Guidelines for using behaviour reduction procedures
  • Behavior reduction procedures including types of differential reinforcement, extinction, redirection, repri¬mands, response cost, over-correction, and time-out for hypothetical cases

Chapter 9: Measuring Student Progress

  • Measuring change in student behaviour
  • Designing measurement systems
  • Displaying, analyzing, and interpreting student performance data

Chapter 10: Teaching Social Behavior

  • Teaching social skill behaviours
  • Components of a social skills lesson
  • Teaching generalization of social skills

Chapter 11: Teaching Self-Motivation

  • Guidelines for teaching students how to use self-motivation
  • Approaches to teaching self-motivation including: motivation, extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, extra-strength-motivation, self-motivation, self-assessment, self-monitoring, self-reinforcement, the Premack Principle and Grandma’s rule

Chapter 12: Cognitive Strategies: Changing Beliefs

  • Use of cognitive restructuring instead of traditional behaviour modification.
  • Characteristics of cognitive behavior modification programs
  • Interventions for restructuring cognitive students’ belief systems

Chapter 13: More Cognitive Strategies: Problem Solving and Self-Instruction

  • Cognitive behaviour modification strategies
  • Strategies for empowering students to use cognitive behaviour modification strategies
  • How to use problem solving, self-instructional training and verbal mediation

Chapter 14: Stress Management Strategies

  • How to teach stress management to students
  • Examples of three types of stress-management interventions including: somatic-physiological, cognitive-psychological, and social-behavioural

Chapter 15: Changing Teacher Behaviour

  • Teacher-behaviour problems vs. Student-behaviour problems
  • Proactive vs. Reactive approaches for identifying and modifying teacher behaviour