This comprehensive resource provides educators with focused methods for students who struggle in elementary mathematics. The methods and procedures revolve around the CRA/CSA (Concrete-Representational/Semi-Concrete-Abstract) instructional sequence. These strategies are intended for small group intensive instruction, one that addresses students' need for increased repetition and explicitness that cannot be provided within a large group of students with diverse learning needs.
Current research on the CRA/CSA instructional sequence is scattered across multiple resources. Making Mathematics Accessible for Elementary Students Who Struggle: Using CRA/CSA for Interventions provides comprehensive coverage of the most up-to-date research in one user-friendly resource. The sequence is included in every chapter and addresses instruction related to number sense, counting, basic operations, complex operations, basic fraction concepts, and operations with fractions.
This resource is written by experienced professors spanning the fields of special education and curriculum, and teaching. Its professional insight, aligned with current mathematical teaching standards and CRA/CSA research, makes this text invaluable to upcoming or current teachers in elementary mathematics.