Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales for Early Childhood (Early SB-5) - Fifth Edition
Gale H. Roid
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. Ages: 2-0 to 7-3 years (2-0 to 5-11 years for full battery; 6-0 to 7-3 years for abbreviated battery)
· Times: 15–50 minutes (30–50 minutes for full battery, depending on age and ability; 15–20 minutes for abbreviated battery)
· Administration: Individual
· Provides a lower cost version of the Stanford-Binet Fifth edition for preschool assessment
· Provides comprehensive coverage of five factors of cognitive ability
· Includes child-friendly toys/manipulatives
· Includes an entire nonverbal/low-verbal section that requires minimal verbal response from the examinee useful for children with limited English, deafness/hard-of-hearing, autism, and other expressive-language difficulties
· Offers low-end, easier items and toys for accurate measurement of low-functioning children
· Includes a Test Observation Checklist to document behaviour during testing
· Offers a Parent Report to help facilitate communication with the child’s parent, guardian, or caregiver
Valid and reliable assessment of intellectual functioning is an important need in many preschool assessment practices. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales for Early Childhood, Fifth Edition (Early SB-5) is a specialised version derived directly from the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales – Fifth Edition (SB-5). It provides a psychometrically superior, accessible, and cost-effective test of intelligence for use with young children.
The applications of Early SB-5 are generally identical to those of SB-5. The primary difference is that Early SB-5 is streamlined for ages 2-5, covering the full range of abilities. However, for ages 6-7, professionals seeking a broad assessment of early intellectual giftedness should instead use the complete SB-5. Early SB-5 may be used to (A) assess intellectual deficiencies, delays, and disabilities; (B) assess developmental delays In the cognitive and language domains; (C) use the nonverbal IQ sections to identify developmental disabilities in children with limited English and other expressive language difficulties; (D) plan interventions including individual family plans, individual education plans; and (E) refer children for more extensive pre-academic and neuropsychological evaluations.
Early SB-5, like SB-5, has ten subtests. Two subtests – Nonverbal Fluid Reasoning (Matrices) and Verbal Knowledge (Vocabulary) – cover the age range 2-0 through 7-3 and provide initial scores for tailoring the remaining test administration to the ability level of the child. Toys, manipulatives and brightly coloured illustrations help engage young children. The remaining eight subtests offer scores in the preschool range, from 2-0 through 5-11 to measure Quantitative, Visual-Spatial, and Working Memory abilities. Testing begins in Item Book 1 with the two initial subtests, which are retained in their entirety and used to calculate an Abbreviated Battery IQ. All remaining subtests are contained in Item Book 2. This provides a streamlined administration compared to the 3 Item Book format of the full SB-5. Each Item Book is designed as an "easel" with illustrations and stimuli facing the child and directions (including all examiner prompts, materials layout, and scoring directions) conveniently facing the examiner, as compared to other IQ measures that require a separate test manual of directions. The Record Form guides the examiner through the administration and provides familiar, easy-to-use scoring directions. In the Early SB-5, only the most difficult levels of items have been dropped from the subtests in Item Book 2. Dropping these more difficult items generally has no impact on the scores of the young children typically assessed with Early SB-5.
Scoring and Interpretation
The Early SB-5 may be scored by hand or scored with optional SB-5 ScoringPro software. Scores available for Early SB-5 include 10 subtest scores (mean of 10, SD of 3, range 1–19), broad ability (factor index) and IQ composite scores (mean of 100, SD of 15, range 40–160), percentile, optional change-sensitive scores (CSSs), and age-equivalents. CSSs provide an optional, criterion-referenced scale (e.g., related to age level and complexity of tasks) rather than age-referenced norms and may be especially useful in the study of the rapid growth of abilities in children. The innovative "Extended IQ (EXIQ) scores" available in the Supplemental Interpretive Manual provide IQ estimates between 10 and 40, which may be of interest in the study of severe developmental delays.
The newly developed Test Observation Checklist identifies a range of behaviours that may serve as cautions for behavioural or cognitive difficulties that may both affect the examinee’s performance on the test and his or her adaptation outside the testing situation. The twenty-one areas of behaviour addressed in the checklist should be followed up through additional assessment including observation, interview, or contact with parents, guardians, or other caregivers. The Test Observation Checklist was developed in cooperation with Dr. Glen Aylward of Southern Illinois School of Medicine, an expert on infant and preschool assessment.
As with SB-5, a variety of interpretive frameworks may be applied to the results of this test. The Examiner’s Manual, Supplemental Interpretive Manual, and Early SB-5 ScoringPro provide guidance on interpretation.
Early SB-5 ScoringPro software also produces a parent report, which includes a brief narrative description and compact graphic representation of the percentile scores obtained by the examinee across the five factor indexes available on Early SB-5.
COMPLETE EARLY SB-5 KIT (with MANIPULATIVES KIT & CARRYING CASE) INCLUDES: Examiner's Manual, Item Book 1, Item Book 2, 25 Record Forms, and Manipulatives (also available separately, #13215), all in a sturdy canvas carrying case. (2005)
13205...EARLY SB-5 Complete Kit
13206...EARLY SB-5 Canvas Carrying Case
13207...EARLY SB-5 Examiner’s Manual
13208...EARLY SB-5 Item Book 1
13209...EARLY SB-5 Item Book 2
13210...EARLY SB-5 Record Forms (25)
13200...EARLY SB-5 Complete Test Kit and ScoringPro Software Complete Kit
13220...EARLY SB-5 ScoringPro Software Version 1.0