Test Of Problem Solving 3 Elementary(TOPS-3)


Test Of Problem Solving 3 Elementary

Linda Bowers, Rosemary Huisingh and Carolyn LoGiudice




·   Ages: 6-12 Years

·   Grades: 1-7

·   Testing Time: 35 minutes


Normed on 2,096 students, this test guides you to confidently make placement decisions and write IEP goals. Test questions focus on a broad range of language-based thinking skills, including clarifying, analysing, generating solutions, evaluating, and affective thinking. The Picture Stimuli Book presents situations in full-colour photographs. The student refers to these photographs when answering the examiner's questions.


Rationale - While other tests may assess students' thinking skills by tapping mathematical, spatial, or nonverbal potential, the TOPS 3 Elementaryassesses the child's ability to integrate semantic and linguistic knowledge with reasoning ability. Pulling information and research from Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives and Richard Paul's work, the TOPS 3 Elementary measures discrete skills that form the foundation of language-based thinking, reasoning, and problem-solving abilities.       


Subtests - The format consists of pictures and questions that address critical thinking skills in six subtests:

·   Making Inferences - Give a logical explanation for a specific situation. How do you know this is a basketball practice?

·   Sequencing - Determine and explain the logical order of events. The players have practice every day after school. When do they do their homework?

·   Negative Questions - Explain why something would not occur or why one shouldn't take a given action in a situation. Why doesn't each girl have a basketball?

·   Problem Solving - Recognise the problem, think of alternative solutions, evaluate the options, and state an appropriate solution. One of the girls can't be at the next game. What can the coach do?

·   Predicting - Predict what will happen next if a certain action is taken in the situation. The coach's birthday is tomorrow. What will the team do for her?

·   Determining Causes - Give a logical reason for a given aspect of the situation in the paragraph. This team is in first place. How did they get there?


Examiner Qualifications - The test should only be administered by a trained professional familiar with language disorders (e.g., speech-language pathologist, psychologist). Paraprofessionals or support personnel cannot adequately administer and score the test.


Test Procedure - The student looks at a picture and answers questions (presented verbally by the examiner) about the picture.

Each task is presented in its entirety to every student.

Acceptable responses for each test item are indicated on the test form.


Test Scoring - A score of 2, 1, or 0 is assigned to each response based on the relevancy of the response to the question and on the quality of the response. The more precise and complete the response, the greater value it receives.

Acceptable responses are referenced on the test form.


Extra Helps - The Discussion of Performance in the Examiner's Manual includes:

·   ways test performance may relate to a student's academic       performance

·   glossary of testing terms

·   references


COMPLETE TOPS 3 ELEMENTARY KIT INCLUDES: Examiner’s Manual, Picture Stimuli Book, 20 Test Forms. (2005)


34140...TOPS 3 ELEMENTARY Complete Kit

34141...TOPS 3 ELEMENTARY Test Forms (20)


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