Test of Silent Word Reading Fluency (TOSWRF-2)
Nancy Mather, Donald D. Hammill, Elizabeth A. Allen and Rhia Roberts
Ages: 6-3 through 24-11
Testing Time: 3 minutes for a single form or 6 minutes for any two forms
Administration: Group or Individual
The new Test of Silent Word Reading Fluency–Second Edition (TOSWRF-2) provides a reliable and valid measure of students’ ability to recognize printed words accurately and efficiently. Its first edition has been popular with professionals in psychology, education, and reading and was used as an outcome measure in the congressionally-mandated evaluation of the federal government’s No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (PL 107-110, title 1, Part B, Subpart1) known as the Reading First Impact Study (Gamse, Jacob, Horst, Boulay, & Unlu, 2008).
The TOSWRF-2 is a companion to the Test of Silent Contextual Reading Fluency–Second Edition (TOSCRF-2). While the TOSWRF-2 measures a student's ability to recognize individual words accurately and efficiently, the TOSCRF-2 measures a student's essential contextual reading abilities (i.e., word identification, word meaning, word building, sentence structure, comprehension, and fluency).
New Features of the TOSWRF-2
Description of the TOSWRF-2
The TOSWRF-2 has four equivalent Student Record Forms and a test manual. It can be used by classroom teachers, special education teachers, reading specialists, school psychologists, or any other education professional who has some training in standardized test administration. The norms are based on a representative sample of more than 2,429 individuals ranging in age from 6-3 to 24-11 years and residing in 35 states. Raw scores, standard scores, percentiles, and age and grade equivalents are provided.
Using a testing format originally pioneered by Guilford in his Structure of Intellect studies, the TOSWRF-2 measures a students’ current reading levels by counting the number of printed words that they can identify within 3 minutes. Students are presented with rows of words, ordered by reading difficulty; no spaces appear between the words (e.g., dimhowfigblue). Students are given 3 minutes to draw a line between the boundaries of as many words as possible (e.g., dim/how/fig/blue).
Any one of the four equivalent forms (A, B, C, and D) may be administered to a single child or an entire classroom of children, depending on the purpose of the assessment. While most uses require only a single form administration, you may administer any two forms concurrently to increase reliability. A single form can be administered in 3 minutes and two forms can be administered in 6 minutes.
New validity studies for TOSWRF-2 show that it is valid for a wide variety of subgroups, as well as for the general population. In addition, we have expanded our study of the test’s validity by investigating its diagnostic accuracy as it relates to its sensitivity, specificity, classification accuracy, and receiver operating characteristic/area under the curve (ROC/AUC). These analyses are particularly rigorous, evidence-based techniques for establishing validity.
The TOSWRF-2 can be used to:
COMPLETE TOSWRF-2 KIT INCLUDES: Examiner's Manual, 25 Student Record Forms A, 25 Student Record Forms B, 25 Student Record Forms C, 25 Student Record Forms D, all in a sturdy storage box. (©2014).